Grub4dos Installer 1.1
Download grub4dos utility and grub installer to your computer and unpack them.Currently, the latest version of grub4dos is grub4dos-0.4.4.zip and the latest version of grub installer is grubinst-1.1-bin-w32-2008-01-01.zip.
Grub4dos Installer 1.1
Grub4dos 0.4.6a complete command reference (originally in Chinese by Stephenldj, translated and regularly updated by me). use this to install grub4dos + many other useful functions. a universal multiboot solution based on grub4dos - just copy your ISO files to the USB drive and boot (also supports multi-UEFI booting and Secure UEFI-boot).
The RMPrepUSB download includes grub4dos. RMPrepUSB will install grub4dos onto a drive at the click of a button either to the MBR (Master Boot Record) or PBR (Partition Boot Record). Tip: If in doubt, always install twice, to both MBR and PBR!.
Download and install onto your Windows XP/Vista/Win7 system (always use latest Beta). There is a portable version if you prefer this (though the full version adds no system drivers and is easy to completely uninstall should you want to). Linux users can install grub4dos using. Insert a USB Flash memory pen drive (or USB hard disk) into the USB port of your Windows computer and run RMPrepUSB - set the following options: 1. MAX size in MiB (1 MiB = 1024KB) 2. MEMTEST as a volume label 3.
It's code can be located either in the Master Boot Record (first 31 sectors on a disk) or in the Partition Boot Record (first sectors at the start of a partition). This is written to the disk when you click on the 'Install grub4dos' button and grubinst.exe is run. Part 2 is the main grub4dos code which is loaded by the Part 1 boot code. Part 2 is just the file grldr which should be located in the root of your bootable drive partition. This grldr file is copied from the RMPrepUSB application folder to the target drive when you click on the 'Install grub4dos' button and after grubinst.exe has run successfully. If you wish to use a different version of grub4dos, simply replace the grldr file on the USB boot drive with your different grldr file.
Once the the glrdr file loads into memory and runs, grub4dos will look for a menu file to parse and run (grldr includes a pre-boot configfile which then looks for a menu.lst file). The menu is in the form of a text file named menu.lst which is normally placed in the root of the drive. The search path that grub4dos uses to find a menu.lst file is.
For this reason, if you are emulating DOS USB drives using Qemu, you may find it does not work as expected when writing files to the USB drive under DOS and then rebooting again (once booted under Qemu) or even within grub4dos (e.g. The savedefault command does not actually save anything!). If, however, you use the latest version of RMPrepUSB, writes will work as expected!
Nearly all grub4dos commands are (and must be) lower case (e.g. Root (hd0,0) is OK, but Root (hd0,0) or root (HD0,0) will give an error). Grub4dos filenames are not usually CaSe SeNsItIvE, but to be on the safe side always use the same upper and lower case letters to match the files on the USB drive (ext2/3/4 grub4dos volumes will be case sensitive). It is also recommended to use 8.3 filenames if possible (i.e.
Not long filenames) as you may get problems when booting OS's that do not cope well with long filenames such as MS-DOS or some ISO filesystems. Also be aware that files within a CD or ISO image may be uppercase when accessed by grub4dos, even if they appear as lowercase when viewed in Explorer. Note that the menu example above has a ' splashimage' statement. For older versions of grub4dos this command can only use a 14 colour 640x480pixel image to use as a background image (if you do not change the graphicsmode and leave it set to the default mode). For your 14-colour splashscreen image (if you have used a splashimage command), by default, the foreground colour (all of the menu text and the highlight for the currently selected option) will be white, and the background colour (the highlighted text within the currently selected option) will be black. This menu text will be laid over the background image.
First create a separate GRUB partition, big enough to hold GRUB. Some of thefollowing entries show how to load OS installer images from this same partition,for that you obviously need to make the partition large enough to hold thoseimages as well.Mount this partition on/mnt/boot and disable GRUB in all OSes and manuallyinstall self-compiled latest GRUB with:
Birinci yöntem. Onun için bir programa ihtiyacımız var grubinstgerekli aygıtın mbr alanında grub4dos önyükleyici hakkında veri yazacak ve önyükleyicinin çalıştırılabilir dosyası grldr.
Artık sadece dosyaları flash sürücümüzün köküne kopyalamak kalıyor grldrve menu.lst... İkincisi, flash sürücümüzden başlattıktan sonra göreceğimiz, görüntülenen menünün yapılandırma dosyasıdır. Bu dosyaları grub4dos-0.4.6a-2013-04-01.7z arşivinden alıyoruz. Dosya menu.lstklasörde yatıyor örneklem.
The rest of this chapter describes the third case, explaining how to install FreeBSD using the text-based installation program named bsdinstall.There may be minor differences between the installer and what is shown here, so use this chapter as a general guide rather than as a set of literal instructions.
The FreeBSD installer is not an application that can be run from within another operating system.Instead, download a FreeBSD installation file, burn it to the media associated with its file type and size (CD, DVD, or USB), and boot the system to install from the inserted media.
-bootonly.iso: This is the smallest installation file as it only contains the installer. A working Internet connection is required during installation as the installer will download the files it needs to complete the FreeBSD installation. This file should be burned to optical media.
By default, the menu will wait ten seconds for user input before booting into the FreeBSD installer or, if FreeBSD is already installed, before booting into FreeBSD.To pause the boot timer in order to review the selections, press Space.To select an option, press its highlighted number, character, or key.The following options are available.
Press Enter to select the default of Install to enter the installer.The rest of this chapter describes how to use this installer.Otherwise, use the right or left arrows or the colorized letter to select the desired menu item.The Shell can be used to access a FreeBSD shell in order to use command line utilities to prepare the disks before installation.The Live CD option can be used to try out FreeBSD before installing it.The live version is described in Using the Live CD.
Once the disks are configured, the next menu provides the last chance to make changes before the selected drives are formatted.If changes need to be made, select Back to return to the main partitioning menu.Revert & Exit exits the installer without making any changes to the drive.Otherwise, select Commit to start the installation process.
Pool Type/Disks - Configure the Pool Type and the disk(s) that will constitute the pool. The automatic ZFS installer currently only supports the creation of a single top level vdev, except in stripe mode. To create more complex pools, use the instructions in Shell Mode Partitioning to create the pool.
Force 4K Sectors? - Force the use of 4K sectors. By default, the installer will automatically create partitions aligned to 4K boundaries and force ZFS to use 4K sectors. This is safe even with 512 byte sector disks, and has the added benefit of ensuring that pools created on 512 byte disks will be able to have 4K sector disks added in the future, either as additional storage space or as replacements for failed disks. Press the Enter key to chose to activate it or not.
Once all options have been set to the desired values, select the >>> Install option at the top of the menu.The installer then offers a last chance to cancel before the contents of the selected drives are destroyed to create the ZFS pool.
If an Ethernet interface is selected, the installer will skip ahead to the menu shown in Choose IPv4 Networking.If a wireless network interface is chosen, the system will instead scan for wireless access points:
If a DHCP server is available, select Yes in the next menu to automatically configure the network interface.The installer will appear to pause for a minute or so as it finds the DHCP server and obtains the addressing information for the system.
If an IPv6 router is available, select Yes in the next menu to automatically configure the network interface.The installer will appear to pause for a minute or so as it finds the router and obtains the addressing information for the system.